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Greek architecture also formalized many structural and decorative elements into three Classical orders—Ionic, Doric, and Corinthian—which, to a greater or lesser extent, have influenced architecture since that time.
The development of the other Minoan palaces (Phaestus, Mallia, Ayía Triáda, Tylissos) roughly parallels that of Knossos.By the turn of the 21st century, computers had further enhanced architects’ ability to conceptualize and create new forms.For the purposes of this article, “Western architecture” signifies architecture in Europe as well as in regions that share a European cultural tradition.Each is notable, and Phaestus is particularly fascinating, due to extensive Italian excavations.Maritime hegemony enabled the Cretan sea kings to build these palaces in low and unprotected places; consequently there is a conspicuous absence of fortification walls, as contrasted to the great walls of Mesopotamian palaces.In the late medieval period, the pointed arch, ribbing, and pier systems gradually emerged.
At this point all the problems of brick and stone masonry construction had been solved, and, beyond decorative advances, little innovation was achieved until the Industrial Revolution.
The east wing of the palace is divided into two parts by a long corridor running on an east–west axis; originally it rose four or five stories above the slope of the valley.
The southeast portion of the palace contains domestic apartments, elaborately supplied with plumbing and flushing facilities, as well as a sanctuary.
A taste for long, straight palace corridors, as well as a highly developed water-supply system, may also have been inherited from older civilizations to the east.
The ) to the developed tholoi, or beehive tombs, of the Mesara plain and the elaborate temple-tombs of Knossos that appeared at the end of the Middle Minoan period.
North American architecture is also treated in this article; for treatment of Latin American architecture, The islands of the eastern Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea form a natural link between the landmasses of the Middle East and Europe.