Radiocarbon dating is commonly used to date
Animal husbandry made things worse, as domesticated animals began grazing grasslands down to the earth.In places wehere the ground is bare - from overgrazing or from the common practice of leaving fields unplanted for part of the year - photosynthesis stops. Lal calculates that land use changes such as these have stripped 70 billion to 100 billion tons of carbon from the world's soils and pumped it into the earth's atmosphere, oceans, and lakes since the dawn of agriculture. - Geography Trivia / Ireland - "The shape and landscape of present-day Ireland—an island of 27,100 square miles [70,200 square kilometers]—were formed 10,000 years ago when Atlantic Ocean glaciers slowly began their retreat.
It was followed by the Vedic period, which laid the foundations of Hinduism and other cultural aspects of early Indian society, and ended in the 500s BCE. - Agriculture & Farming - "The exact origins of agriculture remains unknown, but once chosen, farming developed a momentum of its own: there was no easy turning back, and the very success of the new lifestyle induced other fundamental changes.[NP] But for the first time, a large campsite has been uncovered that proves people moved through the area when ice still covered parts of the province.[NP] 'We have individual finds and that's how we knew people were here,' said Brent Suttie, archaeologist in charge of the site.- Wiki Trivia - "The 9th millennium BC marks the beginning of the Neolithic period. [NP] Pottery became widespread (with independent development in Central America) and animal husbandry (pastoralism) spread to Africa and Eurasia. [....]"[....] Professor Dinesh Agrawal of Penn State University reviewed the evidence from a variety of sources and estimated the dates as follows: 1. These are the "bog bodies." The individual bog bodies show a great degree of variation in their state of preservation, from skeletons, to well-preserved complete bodies, to isolated heads and limbs.[NP] Agriculture spread throughout the Fertile Crescent and use of pottery became more widespread. - Amesbury in Wiltshire confirmed as oldest UK settlement - "A Wiltshire town has been confirmed as the longest continuous settlement in the United Kingdom. P.] Amesbury, including Stonehenge, has been continually occupied since 8820BC, experts have found. They range in date from 8,000 "Stonehenge was for a long while thought to have been built slowly - over about 1000 years between 2,100 and 1,100 BC.These cultural developments from the Archaic (ca.9,500- 4000 years ago) through the Formative Period (ca.
3200-2000 years ago) attest to a long period of economic and social intensification, a trend that is common throughout the world.
Researchers probing the ocean bottom have found 18-story-high towers of stone deep in the ocean near a section of volcanic fault ridges that extend for 6,200 miles along the Atlantic Ocean floor."9,000 B. - Jericho Settlement - "This city, located near a permanent spring a few miles west of the Jordan River was excavated by Kathleen Kenyon. Manfred Heun of the Agricultural University of Norway, along with Norwegian, German, and Italian colleagues, examined the DNA of 68 lines of cultivated einkorn (Triticum monococcum monococcum), 194 lines of wild einkorn (T. boeoticum) from nine geographical regions within the Fertile Crescent, and nine lines of a weedy einkorn (T. aegilopoides) found in the Balkans." - Fig Cultivation / Middle East - "[....] In the Middle East, figs were domesticated 11,400 years ago. In the New World, corn was being cultivated 9,000 years ago. Some scholars have proposed that the Sumerians came by ship, landing on the north shore of the Persian Gulf.' " 8,000 B. - Florida Indians - "Florida's Aucilla River is yielding evidence of the adaptability of Paleoindians to their changing environment at the end of the Pleistocene, 10,000 years ago.
There were indications of settlement after 9,000 B. For a decade, researchers from the Florida Museum of Natural History have been excavating the Page-Ladson site, and this past fall  they uncovered the ground surface of a Paleoindian habitation at a depth of 15 feet.
From around 550 BCE, many independent kingdoms and republics known as the Mahajanapadas were established across the country. [....]" [Based on: - [T. - 12/15/08]*Trivia: "[....] At the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka humans lived throughout the Upper Paleolithic (10th to 8th millennia BC), revealing cave paintings dating to ca. The ensuing increase in food resources made possible a spectacular growth of human population between 80 B. It also required cooperative effort, particularly after the introduction of irrigation led to the establishment of settled organized societies, at first in villages and later in towns and cities, and the development of new technologies, social systems and ideologies." [Based on: Compact History Of The World, edited by Geoffrey Parker, copyright 2003, pp.
7000 BC; the Sivaliks and the Potwar (Pakistan) region also exhibit many vertebrate fossil remains and paleolithic tools. 16-17] - [First published by Times Books (as The Times Compact Atlas of World History) 1995 - updated and reprinted 2002] *Trivia: "If Ohio State University soil scientist Rattan Lal is right, one of the simplest solutions to climate change may be right under our feet.
Larger settlements like Jericho arose along salt and flint trade routes. This chronology was called into question in 1996 by new archaeological evidence.